Tag: AHAC

Amateur Hockey Association of Canada, 1895

In 1895, the teams that formerly made up the main circuit for the Montreal Winter Carnival played a season-long stand-alone hockey league that was a successor to the popular winter festival. In fact, the MWC Hockey Tournament was cancelled as the teams decided to focus on their own league play. The Montreal Hockey Club, Montreal Shamrocks, Montreal Victorias, Quebec Hockey Club, and the Ottawa Hockey Club participated in a balanced, round-robin format which was going to be an ongoing practice.

The ninth season played in 1895 (played from January 3 to March 8) saw the Montreal Victorias win the Championship. 1895 was the third year that the Dominion Hockey Challenge Cup was awarded. The Montreal Victorias was awarded the Cup by virtue of a playoff that took place between the 1894 AHAC champion (Montreal Hockey Club) and the Queen’s University Hockey Club from the Ontario Hockey Association. The game’s result was:

March 9, 1895 – Montreal Hockey Club 5-1 over Queen’s University Hockey Club (OHA)

 

During the season the Montreal Crystals partnered with the Montreal Shamrocks, a non-AHAC team. This new combined team defeated the Quebec Hockey Club on February 2nd. Quebec HC protested the use of Shamrock players and convinced the league to disregard the game’s result, culminating in both teams officially playing one less game.

 

Championships to 1895 Season for Amateur Hockey Association of Canada
Team # of Championships Premier Championship Points
Montreal Hockey Club 9 (1885-86, 88-94) 30
Montreal Victorias 2 (1884, 95) 8 (+4)
Montreal Crystals 1 (1887) 4
McGill University 1 (1883) 2

The AHAC was the first ever organized Ice Hockey league formed by four Montreal-based teams plus Ottawa. These five teams all played in the MWC Tournament so that tournament is considered to be the direct predecessor to the AHAC for historical and statistical purposes. From this humble beginning ice hockey and its leagues established their beginning.

Amateur Hockey Association of Canada, 1896

In 1896, the teams that formerly made up the main circuit for the Montreal Winter Carnival played a season-long stand-alone hockey league that was a successor to the popular winter festival. In fact, the MWC Hockey Tournament was cancelled as the teams decided to focus on their own league play. The Montreal Hockey Club, Montreal Shamrocks, Montreal Victorias, Quebec Hockey Club, and the Ottawa Hockey Club participated in a balanced, round-robin format which was going to be an ongoing practice.

The tenth season played in 1896 (played from January 3 to March 7) saw The Montreal Victorias win the Championship. 1896 was the fourth year that the Dominion Challenge Cup was awarded. The Montreal Victorias lost the Cup to the Winnipeg Victorias. The Victorias defended the 1895 title because of their previous year’s first place finish. Despite finishing first in the AHAC in 1896 they challenged their Winnipeg counterparts and had to wait until the end of the year to reclaim the cup.

February 14, 1896 – Winnipeg Victorias (MHA) 2–0 over Montreal Victorias (AHAC) played in Montreal

December 30, 1896 – Montreal Victorias (AHAC) 6–5 over Winnipeg Victorias (MHA) played in Winnipeg

 

Championships to 1896 Season for Amateur Hockey Association of Canada
Team # of Championships Premier Championship Points
Montreal Hockey Club 9 (1885-86, 88-94) 30
Montreal Victorias 3 (1884, 95-96) 12 (+4)
Montreal Crystals 1 (1887) 4
McGill University 1 (1883) 2

The AHAC was the first ever organized Ice Hockey league formed by four Montreal-based teams plus Ottawa. These five teams all played in the MWC Tournament so that tournament is considered to be the direct predecessor to the AHAC for historical and statistical purposes. From this humble beginning ice hockey and its leagues established their beginning.

 

Amateur Hockey Association of Canada, 1897

In 1897, the Amateur Hockey Association of Canada returned for premier hockey league play. The AHAC got started by teams from the Montreal Winter Carnival, eventually becoming the successor to the popular winter hockey tournament as the teams decided to focus on their own league play. The Montreal Hockey Club, Montreal Shamrocks, Montreal Victorias, Quebec Hockey Club, and the Ottawa Hockey Club participated in a balanced, round-robin league schedule.

The eleventh season played in 1897 (played from January 9 to March 6) saw The Montreal Victorias win the Championship. 1897 was the fifth year that the Dominion Challenge Cup was awarded. The Montreal Victorias also was awarded the Cup by virtue of its first place finish with the AHAC and the previous December Cup Challenge against the Winnipeg Victorias.

Championships to 1897 Season for Amateur Hockey Association of Canada
Team # of Championships Premier Championship Points
Montreal Hockey Club 9 (1885-86, 88-94) 30
Montreal Victorias 4 (1884, 95-97) 16 (+4)
Montreal Crystals 1 (1887) 4
McGill University 1 (1883) 2

The AHAC was the first ever organized Ice Hockey league formed by four Montreal-based teams plus Ottawa. These five teams all played in the MWC Tournament so that tournament is considered to be the direct predecessor to the AHAC for historical and statistical purposes. From this humble beginning ice hockey and its leagues established their beginning.

 

Amateur Hockey Association of Canada, 1898

In 1898, the Amateur Hockey Association of Canada returned for premier hockey league play. The AHAC got started by teams from the Montreal Winter Carnival, eventually becoming the successor to the popular winter hockey tournament as the teams decided to focus on their own league play. The Montreal Hockey Club, Montreal Shamrocks, Montreal Victorias, Quebec Hockey Club, and the Ottawa Hockey Club participated in a balanced, round-robin league schedule.

The twelfth season played in 1898 (played from January 4 to March 5) saw The Montreal Victorias win the Championship. 1898 was the sixth year that the Dominion Challenge Cup was awarded. The Montreal Victorias also was awarded the Cup by winning a playoff game against the Ottawa Capitals of the Central Canada Hockey Association (CCHA).

IceHockeyLeagues.com Premier-League Championship Points span to 1883-98
Team # of Championships Premier Championship Points
Montreal Hockey Club 9 (1885-86, 88-94) 30
Montreal Victorias 5 (1884, 95-98) 20 (+4)
Montreal Crystals 1 (1887) 4
McGill University 1 (1883) 2

The AHAC was the first ever organized Ice Hockey league formed by four Montreal-based teams plus Ottawa. These five teams all played in the MWC Tournament so that tournament is considered to be the direct predecessor to the AHAC for historical and statistical purposes. From this humble beginning ice hockey and its leagues established their beginning.

 

Amateur Hockey Association of Canada, 1893-1898 Summary

The Amateur Hockey Association played five of its first six seasons in a challenger format, a championship process we see in boxing where the winning party continues to hold the championship title until defeated. The AHAC did play its second season in 1888 in a balanced, round-robin format but switched back to challenge play from 1889 until 1892. In 1893 this all changed.

The six seasons from 1893 to 1898 are summarized below as a single entity because the AHAC adopted three critical practices in 1893:

  1. The AHAC would become the official premier hockey league when its champion was gifted the first ever Dominion Hockey Challenge Cup.
  2. The AHAC switched to an ongoing round-robin format for each subsequent season, a tradition that has been followed ever since.
  3. The membership of the AHAC would become set with five premier clubs: Montreal Hockey Club, Montreal Victorias, Montreal Crystals/Shamrocks, Quebec Hockey Club, and Ottawa Hockey Club.

 

Team TGP TW TL TT TGF TGA SW/SP
Montreal Victorias 48 34 13 1 233 158 4/6
Montreal Hockey Club 48 28 20 0 185 135 2/6
Ottawa Hockey Club 48 28 20 0 173 140 0/6
Quebec Hockey Club 47 17 29 1 141 204 0/6
Montreal Shamrocks 31 8 23 0 89 142 0/4
Montreal Crystals* 16 3 13 0 35 77 0/2

 

* The Montreal Crystals were absorbed into and replaced by the Shamrocks in 1895.

SW/SP = Seasons Won / Seasons Played

 

Legacy of the Amatuer Hockey Association of Canada

The Amateur Hockey Association of Canada would establish itself as Canada’s (and the World’s) elite hockey league between 1887 and 1898. The MWC Tournament was the first ever organized ice hockey tournament that lead to the creation of the first ice hockey league, making the MWC Tournament the direct predecessor to the AHAC for historical and statistical purposes.

The Tournament helped establish Ice Hockey through the following important events:

  • First organized inter-city ice hockey competition, establishing Montreal as the premier ice hockey city in 1883.
  • First international ice hockey tournament when Tournament was moved to Vermont, USA for one year in 1886.
  • The top tournament teams went on to form first ice hockey league in 1887.
  • Canada’s Governor General Lord Stanley was inspired by watching MWC Tournament play in 1889 to the point that he considered donating a Championship Cup to Canada’s top hockey teams. He would later donate the Stanley Cup in 1893, ten years after the Tournament was established.
AHAC Senior Division
Season Number of Teams Format Champions
1887 5 Teams Challenge Montreal Crystals (final challenge)
1888 4 Teams Series Montreal Hockey Club (playoff)
1889 5 Teams Challenge Montreal Hockey Club (final challenge)
1890 4 Teams Challenge Montreal Hockey Club (final challenge)
1891 6 Teams Challenge Montreal Hockey Club (final challenge)
1892 4 Teams Challenge Montreal Hockey Club (final challenge)
1893 5 Teams Series Montreal Hockey Club (best record)
1894 5 Teams Series Montreal Hockey Club (playoffs)
1895 5 Teams Series Montreal Victorias (best record)
1896 5 Teams Series Montreal Victorias (best record)
1897 5 Teams Series Montreal Victorias (best record)
1898 5 Teams Series Montreal Victorias (best record)


 

Amateur Hockey Association of Canada Cumulative Standings:

Team TGP TW TL TT TGF TGA SW/SP
Montreal Hockey Club 78 52 26 0 288 189 7/12
Montreal Victorias 67 45 21 1 291 194 4/11
Montreal Crystals 34 8 26 0 74 134 1/7
Ottawa Hockey Club 57 34 23 0 205 161 0/9
Quebec Hockey Club 52 17 34 1 147 218 0/10
Montreal Shamrocks 34 8 26 0 94 159 0/6
McGill University 8 0 8 0 5 49 0/2

SV = Seasons Won / SP = Seasons Played

 


 

Montreal Winter Carnival Hockey Tournament Cumulative Championship Points

IceHockeyLeagues.com Premier-League Championship Points span to 1887-98
Team # of Championships Premier Championship Points
Montreal Hockey Club 7 (1888-94) 22
Montreal Victorias 4 (1895-98) 16
Montreal Crystals 1 (1887) 4

Team: McGill University Hockey Club

 

McGill University H.C. was an elite hockey club that was formed by students who played at Montreal’s McGill University. This team helped establish Ice Hockey by playing in the earliest games and played to a high enough level to win the first ever Montreal Winter Carnival Tournament in 1883. By the end of the 1880s it had stopped playing in the top leagues and instead switched over to recreational and college competitions.

 

McGill University

 

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McGill University H.C. has the distinction of being the first ever team to win a premier league championship after seven seasons of play in two different leagues. McGill had two of its Montreal Winter Carnival seasons cancelled and when it played in its first and only full round-robin season in 1888 it was painfully evident that it could no longer compete at the premier league level.

 

Team: Montreal Crystals

 

 

Montreal Crystals

The Montreal Crystals was a hockey club that played for the first decade of premier league hockey. In 1887 they were the first team to win the AHAC championship but had the unfortunate distinction of winning it despite having a poor record by virtue of winning the final challenge game. This created enough controversy that the AHAC instituted in 1888 a round-robin season.

The Crystals went on a identity crisis during the later years, adopting the monikers (Domions and Crescents) before returning back to the Crystals. The club and team then folded and the best pieces would be picked up by the Montreal Shamrocks in 1895.

 

 

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