Tag: History of Hockey

Dominion Hockey Challenge Cup, 1898

Edited from Wikipedia entry:

Lord Stanley of Preston as Governor General of Canada became highly enthusiastic about ice hockey. Stanley was first exposed to the game at Montreal’s 1889 Winter Carnival, where he saw the Montreal Victorias play the Montreal Hockey Club.

Stanley’s entire family became active in ice hockey. Two of his sons, Arthur and Algernon, formed a new team called the Ottawa Rideau Hall Rebels. Arthur also played a key role in the formation of what later became known as the Ontario Hockey Association (OHA), and would go on to be the founder of ice hockey in Great Britain.

Arthur and Algernon persuaded their father to donate a trophy to be “an outward and visible sign of the hockey championship”. Stanley sent the following message to the victory celebration for the three-time OHA champion Ottawa Hockey Club:

“I have for some time been thinking that it would be a good thing if there were a challenge cup which should be held from year to year by the champion hockey team in the Dominion [of Canada].

There does not appear to be any such outward sign of a championship at present, and considering the general interest which matches now elicit, and the importance of having the game played fairly and under rules generally recognized, I am willing to give a cup which shall be held from year to year by the winning team.

I am not quite certain that the present regulations governing the arrangement of matches give entire satisfaction, and it would be worth considering whether they could not be arranged so that each team would play once at home and once at the place where their opponents hail from.”

As regular season champions of the AHAC in 1898, the Dominion Hockey Challenge Cup (known today as the Stanley Cup) was to awarded to Montreal Victorias. There was no cup challenges against the Victorias during the 1898 calendar year.

 

Dominion Hockey Challenge Cup to December 31, 1898
Team Start End Challengers # of days total days
Montreal Victorias (AHAC) January 1, 1898 December 31, 1898 AHAC win 365 1,074
Montreal Hockey Club (AHAC) 720
Winnipeg Victorias (MHA) 320

There are actually three Stanley Cups in existence:
1) Stanley’s original Cup from 1892, known as the “Dominion Hockey Challenge Cup” was awarded until 1970, and is now on display in the Vault Room at the Hockey Hall of Fame in Toronto.
2) In 1963, NHL president Clarence Campbell believed that the original Cup had become too brittle to give to championship teams, so the “Presentation Cup” was created and is the well-known trophy awarded today.
3) The final Cup is a “Replica Presentation Cup”, which was created in 1993 by Montreal silversmith Louise St. Jacques and is used as a stand-in at the Hall of Fame when the Presentation Cup isn’t available.

Unlike other major league sports trophies, a new Cup isn’t made every year. Instead, after each championship, the names of the players, coaches, management, and staff of the winning team are added to the Cup. The first team to have its roster engraved was the 1906-07 Montreal Wanderers, whose names were etched within the inner bowl of the Dominion Hockey Challenge Cup. The only other team names engraved on the inner bowl are the 1914-15 Vancouver Millionaires.

Hockey League Schisms: AHAC/CAHL 1898-99

Between 1875 and 1898 Ice Hockey grew enormously. From the first ever pickup-game played in Montreal in 1875, to the establishment of a national championship cup (Dominion Hockey Challenge Cup) in 1893, in twenty-three years, Ice Hockey became a recreational power.

Popularity led to prestige. The top players and athletic clubs desired to be the premier representatives for the sport. The best way to ensure that this was maintained, it became critical to be selective of the company you kept.

The top athletic clubs worked together to create an exclusive circuit whereby they would play each other. It was the more direct method to control the quality of the athletics being played. This naturally led to elitism and eventual pretentiousness which was played out when top athletic clubs formed their own league (AHAC). Eventually, this league became a multi-divisional entity, but top division membership remained exclusive in order to lock out competition from others.

This culminated in the first Ice Hockey league schism, when the AHAC Senior Division decided to leave and form its own League in 1899.

Previously, the top exhibition teams joined the Montreal Winter Carnival and those teams went on to form a parallel circuit (the first top Hockey League) known as the Amateur Hockey Association of Canada.The AHAC was the top league, but it was not the only league. There was lots of teams competing in other circuits. A team know as the The Ottawa Capitals believed that they were worthy and campaigned to join the AHAC top circuit. The Ottawa Capitals were an early amateur senior men’s Ice Hockey club playing in Ottawa, Canada formed in the 1896.

After winning the Central Canada Hockey Association championship in 1897, the Capitals attended the annual meeting of the AHAC in December 1897, and applied to join the AHAC. They were turned down by the AHAC executive. Later in the month the Capitals challenged the Montreal Victorias for the Stanley Cup, but abandoned its challenge after only one game of a projected best-of-three, after losing 15-2. The AHAC executive were justified to say no.

In 1898, the Capitals joined the Intermediate division of the AHAC, won its championship and then applied again in December 1898 to be promoted to the AHAC Senior Division. This time, the AHAC executive voted in favor of admitting the Capitals for Senior division membership.

This led to the representatives of the Quebec Bulldogs, Montreal Victorias, and Ottawa Hockey Club opting to withdraw from the league. The representative of the Montreal Hockey Club asked the group to reconsider but was declined, after which point Montreal HC also withdrew. The Montreal Shamrocks did not take a side.

On December 14, the group met again and organized the Canadian Amateur Hockey League (CAHL), inviting the Montreal Shamrocks to join them to a create a complete conversion of the AHAC Senior Division into the CAHL. The new league adopted the existing constitution of the AHAC, with the exception that new teams required unanimous approval of the CAHL executive in order to join the league. The Ottawa Capitals applied to join the CAHL in 1899 but was declined. There would be no repeating what happened with the AHAC.

The Ottawa Capitals went on to join the Ontario Hockey Association and bide its time for another attempt to join the big league.

The 1898-99 AHAC/CAHL schism would be the first of many conflicts that would take place over the history of premier Ice Hockey Leagues.

Marquee Relay Theory: AHAC/CAHL 1898-99

The first Schism of Hockey saw the AHAC transition to the CAHL with the elite teams protecting their mutual rivalry by keeping their circuit exclusive. While this event took place in Ice Hockey for the first time it was common among all sports leagues, particularly professional and premier leagues. The desire and ability to create exclusivity and prestige allows them to maintain their position of prominence.

While sports leagues are about players, game results, and championships; the underlying dynamic is captured by some kind of Marquee team or Marquee rivalry. A Marquee team who commands awe and legend because of its feats becomes the flagship team that will boost any circuit’s profile. Alternatively, a Marquee rivalry is the stuff of legends (David vs Goliath, Sparta vs Athens, Rome vs Carthage, etc) and will enhance a league’s reputation.

This event became pronounced between 1898 and 1899 when we see the top teams of the AHAC leave to form a new circuit. This sets off a chain reaction that would eventually lead to the modern NHL via the Marquee Relay Theory. The Marquee Relay Theory posits that the four premier modern sports leagues (NHL, NBA, NFL, MLB) can be traced back to the earliest leagues that were formed in the 19th century.

Below I have outlined the teams that provided the Marquee impetus that lead to the formation of the CAHL.

 

1875 to 1882
Exhibition Play
The top three exhibition teams (Mtl. Victorias, Ottawa HC, Quebec HC) forms the MWC Hockey Tournament. Montreal HC joins a few years later.
1883 to 1886
MWC
Three of the top MWC teams (Mtl. Victorias, Montreal HC, McGill University) forms the AHAC. The MWC Hockey Tournament would cease after the 1889 season.
1887 to 1898
AHAC
The five teams (Mtl. Victorias, Montreal HC, Ottawa HC, Quebec HC, Mtl. Shamrocks) of the Senior Division of the AHAC forms the CAHL, a new seperate league. They refuse to allow a team from the AHAC’s Intermediate Division to join them. The AHAC would cease after the 1898 season.
1899 to 1903
CAHL

 

Canadian Amateur Hockey League, 1899

In 1899, the Canadian Amateur Hockey League replaced the AHAC as the premier hockey league. This was created following a conflict within the AHAC, leading for the first Hockey Schism.

The CAHL was started by the top division teams from the AHAC, . The Montreal Hockey Club, Montreal Shamrocks, Montreal Victorias, Quebec Hockey Club, and the Ottawa Hockey Club participated in a balanced, round-robin league schedule.

The first season played in 1899 (played from January 7 to March 4) saw The Montreal Shamrocks win the Championship. 1899 was the seventh year that the Dominion Challenge Cup was awarded. The Montreal Shamrocks also was awarded the Cup by winning a cup challenge game against the Ottawa Capitals of the Central Canada Hockey Association (CCHA).

IceHockeyLeagues.com Premier-League Championship Points span to 1883-99
Team # of Championships Premier Championship Points
Montreal Hockey Club 9 (1885-86, 88-94) 30
Montreal Victorias 5 (1884, 95-98) 20
Montreal Shamrocks 1 (1899) 4 (+4)
Montreal Crystals 1 (1887) 4
McGill University 1 (1883) 2

The CAHL was the second premier Ice Hockey league, formed by four Quebec-based teams plus Ottawa. These five teams all played in the MWC Tournament and AHAC so that tournament and league are the direct predecessors to the CAHL for historical and statistical purposes.

Dominion Hockey Challenge Cup, 1899

Edited from Wikipedia entry:

Lord Stanley of Preston as Governor General of Canada became highly enthusiastic about ice hockey. Stanley was first exposed to the game at Montreal’s 1889 Winter Carnival, where he saw the Montreal Victorias play the Montreal Hockey Club.

Stanley’s entire family became active in ice hockey. Two of his sons, Arthur and Algernon, formed a new team called the Ottawa Rideau Hall Rebels. Arthur also played a key role in the formation of what later became known as the Ontario Hockey Association (OHA), and would go on to be the founder of ice hockey in Great Britain.

Arthur and Algernon persuaded their father to donate a trophy to be “an outward and visible sign of the hockey championship”. Stanley sent the following message to the victory celebration for the three-time OHA champion Ottawa Hockey Club:

“I have for some time been thinking that it would be a good thing if there were a challenge cup which should be held from year to year by the champion hockey team in the Dominion [of Canada].

There does not appear to be any such outward sign of a championship at present, and considering the general interest which matches now elicit, and the importance of having the game played fairly and under rules generally recognized, I am willing to give a cup which shall be held from year to year by the winning team.

I am not quite certain that the present regulations governing the arrangement of matches give entire satisfaction, and it would be worth considering whether they could not be arranged so that each team would play once at home and once at the place where their opponents hail from.”

As regular season champions of the CAHL in 1899, the Dominion Hockey Challenge Cup (known today as the Stanley Cup) was to awarded to Montreal Shamrocks. But before the Shamrocks were crowned cup champion, the Montreal Victorias (1898 cup champion) played and won a cup challenge against the Manitoba Hockey Association (MHA) champion Winnipeg Victories. The result of the matches was:

February 15, 1899 – Montreal Victorias (CAHL) 2–1 over Winnipeg Victorias (MHA) in Montreal.

February 18, 1899 – Montreal Shamrocks (CAHL) 3–2 over Winnipeg Victorias (MHA) in Montreal.

After defending the Challenge Cup, the Montreal Victorias did not win the CAHL regular season championship, which was instead won by the Montreal Shamrocks.

The Shamrocks then accepted one challenge by the Ontario Hockey Association (OHA) champion Queen’s University. The result of the match was:

March 14, 1899 – Montreal Shamrocks (CAHL) 6–2 over Queen’s University (OHA) in Montreal.

Dominion Hockey Challenge Cup to December 31, 1899
Team Start End Challengers # of days total days
Montreal Victorias (AHAC) January 1, 1899 March 3, 1899 CAHL loss 62 1,136
Montreal Hockey Club (AHAC)          – 720
Winnipeg Victorias (MHA)          – 320
Montreal Shamrocks (CAHL) March 4, 1899 December 31, 1899 CAHL win; Defeated OHA 303 303

There are actually three Stanley Cups in existence:
1) Stanley’s original Cup from 1892, known as the “Dominion Hockey Challenge Cup” was awarded until 1970, and is now on display in the Vault Room at the Hockey Hall of Fame in Toronto.
2) In 1963, NHL president Clarence Campbell believed that the original Cup had become too brittle to give to championship teams, so the “Presentation Cup” was created and is the well-known trophy awarded today.
3) The final Cup is a “Replica Presentation Cup”, which was created in 1993 by Montreal silversmith Louise St. Jacques and is used as a stand-in at the Hall of Fame when the Presentation Cup isn’t available.

Unlike other major league sports trophies, a new Cup isn’t made every year. Instead, after each championship, the names of the players, coaches, management, and staff of the winning team are added to the Cup. The first team to have its roster engraved was the 1906-07 Montreal Wanderers, whose names were etched within the inner bowl of the Dominion Hockey Challenge Cup. The only other team names engraved on the inner bowl are the 1914-15 Vancouver Millionaires.

Canadian Amateur Hockey League, 1900

In 1900, the Canadian Amateur Hockey League played its second season, having replaced the AHAC as the premier hockey league in 1899. This was created following a conflict within the AHAC, leading for the first Hockey Schism.

The CAHL was started by the top division teams from the AHAC, . The Montreal Hockey Club, Montreal Shamrocks, Montreal Victorias, Quebec Hockey Club, and the Ottawa Hockey Club participated in a balanced, round-robin league schedule.

The second season played in 1900 (played from January 6 to March 10) saw The Montreal Shamrocks win the Championship. 1900 was the eighth year that the Dominion Challenge Cup was awarded. The Montreal Shamrocks also retained the Cup by winning playoff games against the Winnipeg Victorias of the Manitoba Hockey Association (MHA) and the Halifax Crescents of the Maritimes Professional Hockey League (MaPHL) before winning the CAHL regular season.

IceHockeyLeagues.com Premier-League Championship Points span to 1883-1900
Team # of Championships Premier Championship Points
Montreal Hockey Club 9 (1885-86, 88-94) 30
Montreal Victorias 5 (1884, 95-98) 20
Montreal Shamrocks 2 (1899-1900) 8 (+4)
Montreal Crystals 1 (1887) 4
McGill University 1 (1883) 2

The CAHL was the second premier Ice Hockey league, formed by four Quebec-based teams plus Ottawa. These five teams all played in the MWC Tournament and AHAC so that tournament and league are the direct predecessors to the CAHL for historical and statistical purposes.

Dominion Hockey Challenge Cup, 1900

Edited from Wikipedia entry:

Lord Stanley of Preston as Governor General of Canada became highly enthusiastic about ice hockey. Stanley was first exposed to the game at Montreal’s 1889 Winter Carnival, where he saw the Montreal Victorias play the Montreal Hockey Club.

Stanley’s entire family became active in ice hockey. Two of his sons, Arthur and Algernon, formed a new team called the Ottawa Rideau Hall Rebels. Arthur also played a key role in the formation of what later became known as the Ontario Hockey Association (OHA), and would go on to be the founder of ice hockey in Great Britain.

Arthur and Algernon persuaded their father to donate a trophy to be “an outward and visible sign of the hockey championship”. Stanley sent the following message to the victory celebration for the three-time OHA champion Ottawa Hockey Club:

“I have for some time been thinking that it would be a good thing if there were a challenge cup which should be held from year to year by the champion hockey team in the Dominion [of Canada].

There does not appear to be any such outward sign of a championship at present, and considering the general interest which matches now elicit, and the importance of having the game played fairly and under rules generally recognized, I am willing to give a cup which shall be held from year to year by the winning team.

I am not quite certain that the present regulations governing the arrangement of matches give entire satisfaction, and it would be worth considering whether they could not be arranged so that each team would play once at home and once at the place where their opponents hail from.”

As regular season champions of the CAHL in 1900, the Dominion Hockey Challenge Cup (known today as the Stanley Cup) was to awarded to Montreal Shamrocks.

Just prior to playing the upcoming CAHL seasons, the Shamrocks accepted two desperate challenges; Winnipeg Victorias of the Manitoba Hockey Association (MHA)  and the Halifax Crescents of the Halifax City Hockey League (HCHL). The results of these matches was:

February 12, 1900 – Winnipeg Victorias (MHL) 4-3 over Montreal Shamrocks (CAHL) in Montreal.

February 14, 1900 – Montreal Shamrocks (CAHL) 3-2 over Winnipeg Victorias (MHL) in Montreal.

February 16, 1900 – Montreal Shamrocks (CAHL) 5-4 over Winnipeg Victorias (MHL) in Montreal.

March 5, 1900 – Montreal Shamrocks (CAHL) 10-2 over Halifax Crescents (HCHL) in Montreal.

March 7, 1900 – Montreal Shamrocks (CAHL) 11-0 over Halifax Crescents (HCHL) in Montreal.

 

Dominion Hockey Challenge Cup to December 31, 1900
Team Start End Challengers # of days total days
Montreal Victorias (AHAC) 1,075
Montreal Hockey Club (AHAC) 720
Montreal Shamrocks (CAHL) January 1, 1900 December 31, 1900 CAHL win; Defeated MHA and MaPHL 367 670
Winnipeg Victorias (MHA) 320

There are actually three Stanley Cups in existence:
1) Stanley’s original Cup from 1892, known as the “Dominion Hockey Challenge Cup” was awarded until 1970, and is now on display in the Vault Room at the Hockey Hall of Fame in Toronto.
2) In 1963, NHL president Clarence Campbell believed that the original Cup had become too brittle to give to championship teams, so the “Presentation Cup” was created and is the well-known trophy awarded today.
3) The final Cup is a “Replica Presentation Cup”, which was created in 1993 by Montreal silversmith Louise St. Jacques and is used as a stand-in at the Hall of Fame when the Presentation Cup isn’t available.

Unlike other major league sports trophies, a new Cup isn’t made every year. Instead, after each championship, the names of the players, coaches, management, and staff of the winning team are added to the Cup. The first team to have its roster engraved was the 1906-07 Montreal Wanderers, whose names were etched within the inner bowl of the Dominion Hockey Challenge Cup. The only other team names engraved on the inner bowl are the 1914-15 Vancouver Millionaires.

Canadian Amateur Hockey League, 1901

In 1901, the Canadian Amateur Hockey League played its third season, having replaced the AHAC as the premier hockey league in 1899. This was created following a conflict within the AHAC, leading for the first Hockey Schism.

The CAHL was started by the top division teams from the AHAC, . The Montreal Hockey Club, Montreal Shamrocks, Montreal Victorias, Quebec Hockey Club, and the Ottawa Hockey Club participated in a balanced, round-robin league schedule.

The third season played in 1901 (played from January 5 to March 5) saw The Ottawa Hockey Club win the Championship. 1901 was the ninth year that the Dominion Challenge Cup was awarded. It was the previous season’s winner, the Montreal Shamrocks that had to defend the Cup against the Winnipeg Victorias of the Manitoba Hockey Association (MHA).

IceHockeyLeagues.com Premier-League Championship Points span to 1883-1901
Team # of Championships Premier Championship Points
Montreal Hockey Club 9 (1885-86, 88-94) 30
Montreal Victorias 5 (1884, 95-98) 20
Montreal Shamrocks 2 (1899-1900) 8
Ottawa Hockey Club 1 (1901) 4 (+4)
Montreal Crystals 1 (1887) 4
McGill University 1 (1883) 2

The CAHL was the second premier Ice Hockey league, formed by four Quebec-based teams plus Ottawa. These five teams all played in the MWC Tournament and AHAC so that tournament and league are the direct predecessors to the CAHL for historical and statistical purposes.

Dominion Hockey Challenge Cup, 1901

Edited from Wikipedia entry:

Lord Stanley of Preston as Governor General of Canada became highly enthusiastic about ice hockey. Stanley was first exposed to the game at Montreal’s 1889 Winter Carnival, where he saw the Montreal Victorias play the Montreal Hockey Club.

Stanley’s entire family became active in ice hockey. Two of his sons, Arthur and Algernon, formed a new team called the Ottawa Rideau Hall Rebels. Arthur also played a key role in the formation of what later became known as the Ontario Hockey Association (OHA), and would go on to be the founder of ice hockey in Great Britain.

Arthur and Algernon persuaded their father to donate a trophy to be “an outward and visible sign of the hockey championship”. Stanley sent the following message to the victory celebration for the three-time OHA champion Ottawa Hockey Club:

“I have for some time been thinking that it would be a good thing if there were a challenge cup which should be held from year to year by the champion hockey team in the Dominion [of Canada].

There does not appear to be any such outward sign of a championship at present, and considering the general interest which matches now elicit, and the importance of having the game played fairly and under rules generally recognized, I am willing to give a cup which shall be held from year to year by the winning team.

I am not quite certain that the present regulations governing the arrangement of matches give entire satisfaction, and it would be worth considering whether they could not be arranged so that each team would play once at home and once at the place where their opponents hail from.”

Just prior to playing the upcoming 1901 CAHL season, the Montreal Shamrocks accepted and lost a cup challenge to the Winnipeg Victorias of the Manitoba Hockey Association (MHA). The Winnipeg Victorias would then go on and successfully defend the cup through by winning the 1901 MHA regular season. The results of these matches was:

January 29, 1901 – Winnipeg Victorias (MHL) 4-3 over Montreal Shamrocks (CAHL) in Montreal.

January 31, 1901 – Winnipeg Victorias (MHL) 2-1 over Montreal Shamrocks (CAHL) in Montreal.

 

Dominion Hockey Challenge Cup to December 31, 1901
Team Start End Challengers # of days total days
Montreal Victorias (AHAC)          –      1,075
Montreal Hockey Club (AHAC)          – 720
Montreal Shamrocks (CAHL) January 1, 1901 January 30, 1901 Defeated by MHA 30 700
Winnipeg Victorias (MHA) January 31, 1901 December 31, 1901 Defeated CAHL; MHA win 335 655

There are actually three Stanley Cups in existence:
1) Stanley’s original Cup from 1892, known as the “Dominion Hockey Challenge Cup” was awarded until 1970, and is now on display in the Vault Room at the Hockey Hall of Fame in Toronto.
2) In 1963, NHL president Clarence Campbell believed that the original Cup had become too brittle to give to championship teams, so the “Presentation Cup” was created and is the well-known trophy awarded today.
3) The final Cup is a “Replica Presentation Cup”, which was created in 1993 by Montreal silversmith Louise St. Jacques and is used as a stand-in at the Hall of Fame when the Presentation Cup isn’t available.

Unlike other major league sports trophies, a new Cup isn’t made every year. Instead, after each championship, the names of the players, coaches, management, and staff of the winning team are added to the Cup. The first team to have its roster engraved was the 1906-07 Montreal Wanderers, whose names were etched within the inner bowl of the Dominion Hockey Challenge Cup. The only other team names engraved on the inner bowl are the 1914-15 Vancouver Millionaires.

Canadian Amateur Hockey League, 1902

In 1902, the Canadian Amateur Hockey League played its fourth season, having replaced the AHAC as the premier hockey league in 1899. This was created following a conflict within the AHAC, leading for the first Hockey Schism.

The CAHL was started by the top division teams from the AHAC, . The Montreal Hockey Club, Montreal Shamrocks, Montreal Victorias, Quebec Hockey Club, and the Ottawa Hockey Club participated in a balanced, round-robin league schedule.

The fourth season played in 1902 (played from January 5 to March 1) saw The Montreal Hockey Club win the Championship. 1902 was the tenth year that the Dominion Challenge Cup was awarded. The Montreal Hockey Club issued a cup challenge against the Winnipeg Victorias of the Manitoba Hockey Association (MHA), and successfully defeated them in a best of three challenge series.

IceHockeyLeagues.com Premier-League Championship Points span to 1883-1902
Team # of Championships Premier Championship Points
Montreal Hockey Club 10 (1885-86, 88-94, 1902) 34 (+4)
Montreal Victorias 5 (1884, 95-98) 20
Montreal Shamrocks 2 (1899-1900) 8
Ottawa Hockey Club 1 (1901) 4
Montreal Crystals 1 (1887) 4
McGill University 1 (1883) 2

The CAHL was the second premier Ice Hockey league, formed by four Quebec-based teams plus Ottawa. These five teams all played in the MWC Tournament and AHAC so that tournament and league are the direct predecessors to the CAHL for historical and statistical purposes.